Our guide to the best things to do in Bologna proves that the city is more than a foodie’s paradise. It’s the capital city of the Emilia-Romagna region where some of Italy’s well-known pasta dishes, meats, cheeses and wines come from. But it also offers a wealth of historical and cultural sightseeing – none more so than its impressive 38 km of Middle Age historical porticoes as listed by UNESCO. 

    Most of Bologna’s basilicas and piazzas are in the city centre, navigable by foot via a network of walking streets. From Piazza Maggiore, climb up Asinelli Tower for panoramas over the city. Window shop through the Quadrilatero, or follow the aroma of freshly baked goods to historical markets where you can also sample one of Bologna’s prized cured meats. This list will get you to discover the best of Bologna.

    What are the best things to do in Bologna?


    Basilica di San Petronio

    Home to Cassini’s great meridian line

    Right off the south side of Piazza Maggiore, you can visit one of Bologna’s grand historical landmarks, Basilica di San Petronio. The marble façade of this 17th-century church is visibly half finished from its midsection up (it has remained so since olden times). Its sheer interiors comprise colourful and frescoed walls with high ceilings and stained-glass windows. Several naves are supported by large pillars, with its main altar under an elaborate ciborium. Don’t miss Cassini’s 67-metre-long meridian line, traced into the marble floor. The basilica is free to access but remember to dress appropriately. 

    Location: Piazza Galvani, 5, Bologna, Italy

    Open: Daily from 7.45 am to 6.30 pm

    Phone: +39 (0)51 231415


    Piazza Maggiore

    Stand inside the Crescentone for immersive views

    • Couples
    • Budget
    • History
    • Photo

    Enjoy your first glimpse of Bologna at the city’s main square, Piazza Maggiore. The piazza is buzzing with pedestrians and surrounded by grand Renaissance buildings like the majestic San Petronio Basilica and Palazzo dei Banchi. In the summer, its rectangular platform known as the Crescentone is usually laid out with seats before a huge screen, transforming it into a grand open-air cinema. Get to the square along Via Rizzoli, with a stop at the 16th-century Fountain of Neptune. 

    Location: Piazza Maggiore, Bologna, Italy

    Open: 24 hours


    Asinelli Tower

    For superb panoramas over Bologna

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    Bologna’s skyline features a collection of high-rising historical towers – the tallest being the Asinelli. Together with the nearby Garisenda Tower, they’re referred to by locals as the city’s Le Due Torri (Two Towers). They’re around a 5-minute walk from Piazza Maggiore, from where you can pre-book your visit from the tourist office for around €5. You need to go up the 500 steps of Asinelli’s spiralling staircase to reach the top. The effort’s worth the prize view but make sure you’re in good shape for the climb. 

    Location: Piazza di Porta Ravegnana, 40126 Bologna, Italy

    Open: Daily from 9.30 am to 17.45 pm

    Phone: +39 (0)51 239660



    Bologna’s main shopping district

    The Quadrilatero is a small area in downtown Bologna where walking streets connect some of the city’s best shopping spots. These include the glossy and upscale shopping mall, Galleria Cavour, which houses boutiques of luxury brands such as Prada, Louis Vuitton and Gucci. Bologna’s revived and modernized historical market, Mezzo di Mercato (Middle Market), is as popular for dining as it is for shopping. You can browse through 3 levels of different stalls selling meats and fish, fresh fruits and vegetables, or settle for an Aperol spritz at DeGusto or express pizza at Rossopomodoro.

    Location: Via Clavature, 12, Bologna, Italy

    Open: Daily from 8.30 am to midnight


    Villa Spada

    Italian gardens surrounding an 18th-century villa

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    • History
    • Photo

    Villa Spada is a 19th-century Italian park and villa in Bologna.  Built in the 1700s, statues and architecture frame its natural landscape, while geometric hedges delineate spaces in a symmetrical shape. The neoclassical villa houses the Museum of Tapestry, where you can see examples of dresses across different cultures and periods.

    Villa Spada is open to the public, so you can stretch out on the large sun-warmed lawn on Collina di Casaglia (Casaglia Hill) and admire the cityscape. The gardens have dense and varied vegetation, including Mediterranean cypresses and laurels, as well as exotic plants such as Himalayan cedars.

    Location: Via di Casaglia, 3, 40135 Bologna BO, Italy

    Open: Monday–Friday from 8.30 am to 7 pm, Saturday–Sunday from 8.30 am to 1.30 pm

    Phone: +39 051 615 0811


    San Domenico Basilica

    Discover a hidden chapel and Michelangelo’s sculptures

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    • Budget
    • History

    San Domenico Basilica is one of Bologna’s great churches, around a 5-minute walk south from Piazza Maggiore. You’ll pass the eastern side of San Petronio’s basilica via Piazza Cavour, before hitting the piazza that’s uniquely pebble-paved as it was in medieval times. The 13th-century church boasts Romanesque features with a great rose window – it looks amazing from the inside. You’ll find several chapels as well as shrines among the rows of sculptures, 3 of which were the works of a young Michelangelo. Access is free. 

    Location: Piazza San Domenico, 13, Bologna, Italy

    Open: Monday - Friday from 9 am to 12 pm and from 3.30 pm to 6 pm; Saturday from 9 am to 12 pm and from 3.30 pm to 5 pm; Sunday from 3.30 pm to 5 pm

    Phone: +39 (0)51 640 0411


    photo by sailko (CC BY-SA 3.0) modified


    Mercato delle Erbe

    Enjoy seafood tapas with wine

    If you’re into discovering the authentic and local food market scene of Bologna, Mercato delle Erbe (Herb Market) has much to offer. You can shop for fresh produce, with a bit of dining and sightseeing thrown in. Although considered the city’s oldest street market, Mercato delle Erbe was revamped into its current courtyard-like marketspace form, with fruits and vegetables in its centre and with small shops around selling anything from Mortadella to dried pastas. Further out, you can choose from several small restaurants for coffee or a bite, such as pizza, risotto, porchetto, or just a tiramisu. 

    Location: Via Ugo Bassi, 25, Bologna, Italy

    Open: Monday–Saturday from 7 am to midnight

    Phone: +39 051 230186


    Bologna's historical libraries

    Learn about Italian history, art and literature

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    • History

    There are over a dozen historical libraries in Bologna. They’re either part of universities, housed in a historical palace, or serve as conservatories. You can visit the grand Archiginnasio of Bologna next to San Petronio that features 16th-century frescoes, and the fantastic cultural space that is the central Salaborsa library, that’s inside the Palazzo d’Accursio at Piazza Maggiore. The International Museum and Library of Music on Strada Maggiore (around a 10-minute walk from the piazza) has over 80 historical music instruments and documents by some of the world’s great composers on display. Some libraries like the Salaborsa are free to access, while others require an admission from around €3.

    photo by Palickap (CC BY-SA 4.0) modified


    Osteria del Sole

    Sit back with a Chianti at the oldest pub in town

    Osteria del Sole is a pub right behind Palazzo dei Bianchi on Piazza Maggiore. It’s considered one of Bologna’s oldest, having been open since 1465. It’s usually packed, and is a great spot to head to if you wish to mingle with a friendly, local crowd. Their wine list isn’t the longest around, but you can find a good and affordable selection of Chianti, such as Fattoria del Cerro from the Montepulciano hillsides of Tuscany, for around €2.50 a glass. The best part is, you can bring your own cold cuts that you bought from local charcuteries, such as at Mercato di Mezzo next door. 

    Location: Vicolo Ranocchi, 1/d, Bologna, Italy

    Open: Monday–Saturday from 10.30 am to 9.30 pm

    Phone: +39 347 968 0171


    Teatro Comunale

    A live performance is a fitting end to your day in Bologna

    • Couples
    • History
    • Luxury

    Visit one of Italy’s major historical theatres, around a 10-minute walk northeast from Piazza Maggiore along Via Rizzoli. From the outside, it looks just like any palazzo in the city, with a grand colonnade spanning the length of its façade. However, step inside, and you’ll be immersed in the grandeur of its interior – the convex auditorium has rows of boxes across four levels above its main ground seating area. Look up and marvel at its beautifully decorated and chandeliered ceiling. Symphony and opera tickets are from €52. After shows, sitting at a terrace outside on Piazza Giuseppe Verdi offers a good vantage point for people watching in the evenings. 

    Location: Largo Respighi, 1, Bologna, Italy

    Open: Performances usually start around 8 pm. Museum: Tuesday–Friday from noon to 6 pm, Saturday from 11 am to 3 pm

    Phone: +39 051 529019


    photo by Lorenzo Gaudenzi (CC BY-SA 4.0) modified

    Ari Gunadi | Compulsive Traveller

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